Krakovo on Maps
Krakovo Streets
Krakovo House
Buildings and Plastics



   The oldest Krakovo houses were very simple - doors and windows with its typical rims were in different colours than the facades. Most of the doors were double and narrow; windows were made out of one big and two smaller pieces of glass. In the course of the time the image of the house was changing. Newer houses are bigger with more decoration; their doors and windows are bigger, too.

   In the Middle Ages, there was unwritten rule that the houses should not have more than 3 windows facing the street. Krakovo housed adhered to this rule and for this reason the area is called "3-window village". Living spaces were located in the upper floor, while trading and storage rooms were in the ground floor. Until 1789, when a terrific fire swept through the area, most of the houses were wooden, covered with straw or shingle. However, the biggest changes appeared after the earthquake in 1895, after which most of the houses were totally renovated.

 Height characteristics

   The height characteristics are defining the height limits of architecture for certain province. The oldest houses have one floor and therefore only one functional floor on the ground level. The attics of the houses, in the old times used for storing hay, today are converted to flats.

 Level of forming

   Krakovo houses have mostly poorly developed plan - it means they are not reaching certain demands typical for the area. In fact, more developed plans of houses can be found in the rest of the centre, of which Krakovo is now part.

 Typology of buildings

   The typology of the area divides in two parts - the central rural part and partially unclassified buildings at the edges of the area. 76% of buildings are classified as rural and 24% as multi-residential type. Rural type: one can classify two subtypes here. The first one is typical for Krakovo, especially for its central part, Krakovska street and Kladezna street. Each of the streets forms one or two sided regular .linear village. (parallel to the street). Ridges are always perpendicular to the street. The second, multi-residential, type at the edges is newer and typical for lower part of Kladezna street, Vrtna street, street and Krakovski nasip. Buildings are parallel to the street with their longer side facing it and have entrances in the middle of the facades. Volumes at the edges of the settlement differ in age, size and appearance. With uncontrolled interventions owners changed an image of rural buildings into urban. There are 27% of two-floor and 8% three-floor buildings.


   Inclines of roofs are defined by the material covering it. Older buildings were covered with hay or shingle, consequently roofs were steeper. Today, the roofs remain at the same angle (35-45 degrees) as originally only cladding is different (brick).

 Architecture elements: facade openings

   Examples of facade openings are showing the level of specific class of inhabitants living there. Although the area had rural character, some of the openings are showing higher level of designing evidence of most characteristic examples is used as evidence and material for comparisons. It is interesting that many of similar motives are appearing on much richer middle-class houses in north part of city centre.